Professor Brian Hoffert
History/Religious Studies North Central College
Intro to East Asia

Authority & Freedom

Office Hours


Understanding that rests in what it does not understand is the highest.
Who can understand discriminations that are not spoken, the Way that is not a way?
If one is able to understand this, it is through the so-called “Reservoir of Heaven”:
Pour into it and it won’t fill up, dip from it and it won’t run dry,
yet no one knows the source from which it comes.

(Zhuangzi, Chapter 2; translated by Brian Hoffert)