Religions of Japan
Final Exam

Part I: Quiz-Style Questions
30x1=30 points

A combination of multiple-choice, true/false, and fill-in-the-blank questions based on material that is on the course web pages and was discussed in class.
Part II: Identify & State the Significance
6x5=30 points

Identify and state the significance of 6 out of 9 items, all of which are prominently featured on the web and were discussed in detail during class.

Part III: Essay Questions
2x20=40 points

Answer both of the following questions:
  1. Discuss the traditional relationship between Buddhism and Shinto in terms of the honji suijaku (“original substance and manifest traces”) paradigm. How did this relationship change with the establishment of “State Shinto” during the Meiji era (1868-1912)? How would you describe the relationship since the end of World War II?

  2. Although the majority of contemporary Japanese do not regard themselves as “religious,” they typically engage in various Buddhist, Shinto, and/or other activities that would appear to be religious in nature. Why do so many Japanese consider themselves to be “non-religious” even when they frequently engage in religious activity? How can this help us to understand the unique nature of Japanese religiosity?